This International Standard establishes the terms and definitions of concepts applicable to plant protection used in science, technology and industry.
The terms established by the standard are mandatory for use in documentation of all kinds, scientific and technical, educational and reference literature.
In accordance with relevant international agreements, Contracting Parties have the sovereign right to prescribe and adopt phytosanitary measures to protect plant health in their territories, as well as to determine the level of protection necessary for optimal plant health.
The Responsibility of the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPPP) is to "inspect the goods of plants and plant products carried internationally and, where appropriate, to inspect other quarantine materials with a view to preventing the introduction and/or spread of pests" (Article IV.2 (IPPC, 1997).
Contracting Parties shall, to the best of their ability, draw up and update lists of regulated pests using their scientific names and bring these lists to the attention of the Secretary, the regional plant protection and quarantine organizations of which they are members and, upon request, for other Contracting Parties.
The main purpose of a pest alert is to report an immediate or potential hazard. Immediate or potential hazards usually arise from the presence, foci or spread of a pest that is a quarantine pest for the country in which it is detected, or for neighboring countries and trading partner countries. The provision of timely and reliable reports on pests is proof of effective surveillance and alert systems in countries.
Some pests that are not quarantine pests are subject to phytosanitary measures because their presence in seed and planting material has economically unacceptable effects on the intended use of plants. Such pests are known as regulated non-quarantine pests (RNAVO), they are present and are often widespread in the importing country.
The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC, 1997) provides contracting parties with serious cases of non-compliance of imported goods with phytosanitary requirements, including those relating to documentation, or reporting on an appropriate emergency action taken when an organism posing a potential phytosanitary threat is detected in the imported cargo.
Wood packaging materials made of unprocessed wood represent a pathway for the introduction and spread of pests. As the origin of wood packaging materials is often difficult to determine, worldwide measures are described to significantly reduce the risk of the spread of pests.